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odo v3.0.0 GA Released ๐ŸŽ‰

ยท 11 min read

odo v3 is now GA! ๐ŸŽ‰

Are you an application developer wanting to work closely with a production-like environment? Pressured on time due to the steep learning curve involved in cluster development?

odo is here to answer your problems!

Over the past couple of months, the odo team has been developing better experiences on working with applications and container clusters.

So, what's new?โ€‹

odo v3 comes with a new set of commands that replaces the old one but essentially does the same thing, in a faster and more efficient way.

odo initโ€‹

odo init allows you to generate example code or fetch an appropriate Devfile for your existing project.

/ \__ Initializing a new component
\__/ \ Files: Source code detected, a Devfile will be determined based upon source code autodetection
/ \__/ odo version: v3.0.0

Interactive mode enabled, please answer the following questions:
Based on the files in the current directory odo detected
Language: javascript
Project type: nodejs
The devfile "nodejs" from the registry "StagingRegistry" will be downloaded.
? Is this correct? Yes
โœ“ Downloading devfile "nodejs" from registry "StagingRegistry" [3s]

โ†ช Container Configuration "runtime":
- 3000

? Select container for which you want to change configuration? NONE - configuration is correct
? Enter component name: my-node-app

Your new component 'my-node-app' is ready in the current directory.
To start editing your component, use 'odo dev' and open this folder in your favorite IDE.
Changes will be directly reflected on the cluster.

How is it different from the odo create command of v2?

Detect the appropriate Devfileโ€‹

odo init will automatically analyze your directory and based on the project type, suggest an appropriate Devfile for use.

Personalize the Devfile configurationโ€‹

odo init also provides a better interactive way to configure your Devfile according to your project requirement. With this feature, you can modify the environment variables exported to and ports exposed by your application on the cluster.

odo devโ€‹

odo dev allows you to build, run, debug and test your application on the cluster in a continuous workflow.

$ odo dev
/ \__ Developing using the "my-node-app" Devfile
\__/ \ Namespace: default
/ \__/ odo version: v3.0.0

โ†ช Deploying to the cluster in developer mode
โ€ข Waiting for Kubernetes resources ...
โš  Pod is Pending
โœ“ Pod is Running
โœ“ Syncing files into the container [172ms]
โœ“ Building your application in container on cluster (command: install) [11s]
โ€ข Executing the application (command: run) ...
- Forwarding from -> 3000

โ†ช Dev mode
Watching for changes in the current directory /tmp/pd

Keyboard Commands:
[Ctrl+c] - Exit and delete resources from the cluster
[p] - Manually apply local changes to the application on the cluster

How is it different from the odo push command of v2?

odo v3 combines the odo push and odo watch commands from v2 into a single odo dev command.

Additionally the command provides:

Continuous workflowโ€‹

odo dev is a non-terminating command that runs until the user hits Ctrl+c. It continuously watches the directory for any new changes (including the changes occurring in the Devfile) and automatically syncs them with the application running on the cluster.

Manual trigger to apply local changes on the clusterโ€‹

By default, odo dev automatically detects any new change in the directory, and syncs it with the application running on the cluster, but it is possible to do this trigger manually by running the command with a --no-watch flag and pressing p to trigger the sync.

Better watch systemโ€‹

odo dev continuously monitors the resources created to run the application on the cluster and ensures that the application stays running.

Resource cleanupโ€‹

Before exiting, odo dev will cleanup any resources that it created while running the application on the cluster.

Port forwarding to access the applicationโ€‹

odo dev uses port-forwarding instead of Routes and Ingresses for accessing the application.

Read this section to learn more: What happened to Ingress/Route?

odo add bindingโ€‹

odo add binding allows the application to connect to an Operator Backed service.

$ odo add binding
? Do you want to list services from: current namespace
? Select service instance you want to bind to: cluster-sample (
? Enter the Binding's name: my-node-app-cluster-sample
? How do you want to bind the service? Bind As Files
? Select naming strategy for binding names: DEFAULT
โœ“ Successfully added the binding to the devfile.
Run `odo dev` to create it on the cluster.
You can automate this command by executing:
odo add binding --service --name my-node-app-cluster-sample

How is it different from the odo link command of v2?

Interactive modeโ€‹

odo add binding provides an interactive mode that lists bindable services across all the namespaces, and a way to personalize related configuration, making the experience better.

Ability to connect to a service in any namespaceโ€‹

odo add binding allows the application to connect to any bindable service in any namespace, it does not necessarily have to be in the same namespace as the application.

Run from anywhereโ€‹

odo add binding can be run from anywhere and does not require access to a Devfile in order to work. With this method, you can either: directly create the Service Binding on the cluster, write the YAML to a file, or simply display it.

Work without a running applicationโ€‹

As opposed to v2, odo add binding no longer requires the application to be running on the cluster, making it even faster.

Only supports Bindable Operatorsโ€‹

odo link could link an application to another application and any Operator Backed service. As of now, v3 only supports connecting to services that are backed by Operators considered bindable by the Service Binding Operator.

Requires the Service Binding Operatorโ€‹

odo add binding requires that the Service Binding Operator is installed on the cluster before it is run. The command relies on the Operator to provide it with a list of Bindable services.

odo deployโ€‹

odo deploy allows you to run the outerloop of your development cycle, essentially in a production-like environment.

Once you are satisfied with your application development locally, and are now ready to show your application to the world, you can use odo deploy to move to the next stage.

$ odo deploy
/ \__ Deploying the application using "my-node-app" Devfile
\__/ \ Namespace: my-node-app
/ \__/ odo version: v3.0.0

โ†ช Building & Pushing Container:
โ€ข Building image locally ...
STEP 2/7: WORKDIR /usr/src/app
--> Using cache b18c8d9f4c739a91e5430f235b7beaac913250bec8bfcae531a8e93c750cea87
--> b18c8d9f4c7
STEP 3/7: COPY package*.json ./
--> Using cache cd151181cd9b2c69fc938eb89f3f71d0327d27ffba53c54247a105733cb36217
--> cd151181cd9
STEP 4/7: RUN npm install
--> Using cache 72b79a4f76ab0f9665653a974f5c667b1cb964c89c58e71aa4817b1055b1c473
--> 72b79a4f76a
STEP 5/7: COPY . .
--> 5c81f92690e
STEP 6/7: EXPOSE 8080
--> 9892b562a8a
STEP 7/7: CMD [ "node", "server.js" ]
--> 7578e3e3667
Successfully tagged
โœ“ Building image locally [2s]
โ€ข Pushing image to container registry ...
Getting image source signatures
Copying blob 0b3c02b5d746 skipped: already exists
Copying blob 62a747bf1719 skipped: already exists
Copying blob 650b52851ab5 done
Copying blob 013fc0144002 skipped: already exists
Copying blob aef6a4d33347 skipped: already exists
Copying config 7578e3e366 done
Writing manifest to image destination
Storing signatures
โœ“ Pushing image to container registry [22s]

โ†ช Deploying Kubernetes Component: my-component
โœ“ Creating kind Deployment

Your Devfile has been successfully deployed

odo dev vs odo deployโ€‹

You might find yourself wondering how odo dev is different from odo deploy and when should you use the either one, you can read this article to get an answer to that question.

odo registryโ€‹

odo registry lists all the Devfiles provided by the Devfile registries added to your development environment.

$ odo registry
dotnet50 StagingRegistry Stack with .NET 5.0
dotnet60 StagingRegistry Stack with .NET 6.0
dotnetcore31 StagingRegistry Stack with .NET Core 3.1
go StagingRegistry Go is an open source programming languag...
java-maven StagingRegistry Upstream Maven and OpenJDK 11
java-openliberty StagingRegistry Java application Maven-built stack using...
java-openliberty-gradle StagingRegistry Java application Gradle-built stack usin...
java-quarkus StagingRegistry Quarkus with Java
java-springboot StagingRegistry Spring Bootยฎ using Java
java-vertx StagingRegistry Upstream Vert.x using Java
java-websphereliberty StagingRegistry Java application Maven-built stack using...
java-websphereliberty-gradle StagingRegistry Java application Gradle-built stack usin...
java-wildfly StagingRegistry Upstream WildFly
java-wildfly-bootable-jar StagingRegistry Java stack with WildFly in bootable Jar ...
nodejs StagingRegistry Stack with Node.js 16
nodejs-angular StagingRegistry Angular is a development platform, built...
nodejs-nextjs StagingRegistry Next.js gives you the best developer exp...
nodejs-nuxtjs StagingRegistry Nuxt is the backbone of your Vue.js proj...
nodejs-react StagingRegistry React is a free and open-source front-en...
nodejs-svelte StagingRegistry Svelte is a radical new approach to buil...
nodejs-vue StagingRegistry Vue is a JavaScript framework for buildi...
php-laravel StagingRegistry Laravel is an open-source PHP framework,...
python StagingRegistry Flask is a web framework, itโ€™s a Pytho...
python-django StagingRegistry Django is a high-level Python web framew...

How is it different from odo registry command of v2?

odo registry of v2 was useful in creating/deleting/updating/listing the Devfile registries, however in v3, this command can now be used to list the Devfiles.


In odo v3, you can use odo preference <add/remove> registry to create/delete/update the Devfile registries, and odo preference view to list them.

Additionally, it also provides,

Filtering the Devfilesโ€‹

odo registry can filter the list of Devfiles based on a keyword (--filter), a Devfile registry (--devfile-registry), or the Devfile name (--devfile).

Detailed information about the Devfilesโ€‹

odo registry can provide a detailed information about all the Devfiles by running it with --details flag.

odo listโ€‹

odo list lists all the resources created by odo including components, and bindings.

$ odo list
โœ“ Listing resources from the namespace "my-percona-server-mongodb-operator" [302ms]
my-node-app nodejs Deploy odo (v3.0.0)
my-go-app go Dev odo (v3.0.0-rc1)
mongodb-instance Unknown None percona-server-mongodb-operator

my-go-app-mongodb-instance my-go-app-app (Deployment) mongodb-instance ( Dev

How is it different from odo list of v2?

Better informationโ€‹

odo list gives a better experience by providing information about your application such as: the mode it is running in, the tool (versioned) managing it, and the project type.

It further provides subcommands such as odo list components, and odo list bindings to list respective resources.

Ability to list Bindingsโ€‹

odo list provides a way to list the bindings created on the cluster by odo.

Migrating from v2 to v3โ€‹

The changes from v2 to v3 have been huge, but that does not have to mean big changes for you. We have documented the migration process to ease things for you.

The migration doc also documents the commands that have been added, modified or removed from v3.

Installation Guideโ€‹

To install odo v3.0.0, refer to our installation guide.

Full Changelogโ€‹

You can find the full changelog from v2.5.1 to v3.0.0 in our GitHub release page.

Contributing to odoโ€‹

If odo interests you and you would like to contribute to it, we whole heartedly welcome you!

You can contribute to odo in a lot of different ways!

Take it for a spin ๐Ÿš˜ and report back bugs๐Ÿž that you encountered, or features๐ŸŒŸ that you would like to see.

Help us with the documentation๐Ÿ“œ, or tell us how you used odo ๐Ÿ–.

Review the PRs๐Ÿ‘€, or help us fix a failing test ๐Ÿšฉ.

Work on the TODOs๐Ÿ“, or help us cleanup the code๐Ÿšฎ.

Or, simply tune in๐Ÿ“ป to our contributor calls and learn more about odo.

odo is your playground!

Read the developer reference guide on contributing to odo to know more.