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Version: v3

Developing with Node.JS

Step 0. Creating the initial source code (optional)

We will create the example source code by using some popular frameworks.

Before we begin, we will create a new directory and cd into it.

mkdir quickstart-demo && cd quickstart-demo

This is optional and you may use an existing project instead (make sure you cd into the project directory before running any odo commands) or a starter project from odo init.

For Node.JS we will use the Express framework for our example.

  1. Install Express:
npm install express --save
$ npm install express --save

added 57 packages, and audited 58 packages in 6s

7 packages are looking for funding
run `npm fund` for details

found 0 vulnerabilities
  1. Generate an example project:
npx express-generator
$ npx express-generator
warning: the default view engine will not be jade in future releases
warning: use `--view=jade' or `--help' for additional options

create : public/
create : public/javascripts/
create : public/images/
create : public/stylesheets/
create : public/stylesheets/style.css
create : routes/
create : routes/index.js
create : routes/users.js
create : views/
create : views/error.jade
create : views/index.jade
create : views/layout.jade
create : app.js
create : package.json
create : bin/
create : bin/www

install dependencies:
$ npm install

run the app:
$ DEBUG=express:* npm start

Your source code has now been generated and created in the directory.

Step 1. Connect to your cluster and create a new namespace or project

Before starting you should make sure that odo is connected to your cluster and that you have created a new namespace.

Creating a new namespace

If you are using Kubernetes, you can create a new namespace with the odo create namespace command.

odo create namespace odo-dev
Sample Output
$ odo create namespace odo-dev
✓ Namespace "odo-dev" is ready for use
✓ New namespace created and now using namespace: odo-dev

Step 2. Initializing your application (odo init)

Now we'll initialize your application by creating a devfile.yaml to be deployed.

odo handles this automatically with the odo init command by autodetecting your source code and downloading the appropriate Devfile.

Note: If you skipped Step 0, select a "starter project" when running odo init.

Let's run odo init and select Node.JS:

odo init
Sample Output
$ odo init
/ \__ Initializing a new component
\__/ \ Files: Source code detected, a Devfile will be determined based upon source code autodetection
/ \__/ odo version: v3.10.0

Interactive mode enabled, please answer the following questions:
✓ Determining a Devfile for the current directory [1s]
Based on the files in the current directory odo detected
Language: JavaScript
Project type: Node.js
The devfile "nodejs:2.1.1" from the registry "DefaultDevfileRegistry" will be downloaded.
? Is this correct? Yes
✓ Downloading devfile "nodejs:2.1.1" from registry "DefaultDevfileRegistry" [3s]

↪ Container Configuration "runtime":
- 3000
- 5858
- DEBUG_PORT = 5858

? Select container for which you want to change configuration? NONE - configuration is correct
? Enter component name: my-nodejs-app

You can automate this command by executing:
odo init --name my-nodejs-app --devfile nodejs --devfile-registry DefaultDevfileRegistry --devfile-version 2.1.1

Your new component 'my-nodejs-app' is ready in the current directory.
To start editing your component, use 'odo dev' and open this folder in your favorite IDE.
Changes will be directly reflected on the cluster.

If you skipped Step 0 and selected "starter project", your output will be slightly different.

Step 3. Developing your application continuously (odo dev)

Now that we've generated our code as well as our Devfile, let's start on development.

odo uses inner loop development and allows you to code, build, run and test the application in a continuous workflow.

Once you run odo dev, you can freely edit code in your favourite IDE and watch as odo rebuilds and redeploys it.

Let's run odo dev to start development on your Node.JS application:

odo dev

Then wait a few seconds until odo dev displays Forwarding from in its output, meaning that odo has successfully set up the port forwarding to reach the application running in the container.

Sample Output
$ odo dev
/ \__ Developing using the "my-nodejs-app" Devfile
\__/ \ Namespace: odo-dev
/ \__/ odo version: v3.10.0

↪ Running on the cluster in Dev mode
• Waiting for Kubernetes resources ...
⚠ Pod is Pending
✓ Pod is Running
✓ Syncing files into the container [193ms]
✓ Building your application in container (command: install) [5s]
• Executing the application (command: run) ...
✓ Waiting for the application to be ready [1s]
- Forwarding from -> 3000

↪ Dev mode
Watching for changes in the current directory /home/user/quickstart-demo

Keyboard Commands:
[Ctrl+c] - Exit and delete resources from the cluster
[p] - Manually apply local changes to the application on the cluster

You can now access the application via the local port displayed by odo dev ( in the sample output above) and start your development loop. odo will watch for changes and push the code for real-time updates.

You can now follow the advanced guide to deploy the application to production.